TGA2 dual activity: N-terminus regulation of reversible DNA binding influenced by NPRI and CK2
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TGA2 is a dual-function Systemic Acquired Resistance (SAR) transcription factor involved in the activation and repression of pathogenesis-related (PR) genes. Recent studies have shown that TGA2 is able to switch from a basal repressor to activator, likely, through regulatory control from its N-terminus. The N-terminus has also been shown to affect DNA binding of the TGA2 bZIP domain when phosphorylated by Casein Kinase II (CK2). The mechanisms involved for directing a switch from basal repressor to activator, and the role of kinase activity, have not previously been looked at in detail. This study provides evidence for the involvement of a CK2-like kinase in the switch of TGA2 activity from repressor to activator, by regulating the DNA-binding activity of TGA2 by phosphorylating residues in the N terminus of the protein.